RDH Salary & Benefits Survey

In the August 2004 issue, RDH published a two-page questionnaire. The questions focused on the income and other benefits earned by the magazine�s readers.

Jan 1st, 2005
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In the August 2004 issue, RDH published a two-page questionnaire. The questions focused on the income and other benefits earned by the magazine’s readers. The survey generated responses from 1,350 dental hygienists from all 50 states.1

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The states with the largest number of responses were California (109), Michigan (84), Pennsylvania (74), Texas (74), Florida (63), Wisconsin (62), Illinois (54), New York (54), Ohio (52), Virginia (43), Colorado (41), New Jersey (41), Connecticut (35), North Carolina (35), and Georgia (31). The responses from the preceding 15 states represented 63 percent of the total.

With this article, there is no national perspective of salaries and benefits for the profession. Each state - with the exception of Alaska and Hawaii, as well as the District of Columbia - has some statistical information presented about it on subsequent pages. However, “rankings” about the “Big 9” (the nine states that provided 50 or more responses) are scattered throughout the state reports, indicating how these states compare in various categories.

RDH wishes to thank the readers who took the time to answer the questionnaire that was published last August.

Alabama

14 respondents. Eight (57%) have practiced for 10 years or fewer. 12 (86%) work full time. Both part-time hygienists do so by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $33,340. The average hourly rate is $22. Two (14%) reported at least part of income is based on commissions. Ten (71%) indicated they had received a raise within the last year; nine (64%) do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. Two (14%) do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 43% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 36% are covered by employer’s plan; and 21% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $49.

Arizona

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º Urban: 12 respondents. Seven (58%) have practiced for 10 years or fewer. Eight (67%) work full time. All part-time hygienists reported that work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $55,250. 75% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $35 ($38 was the highest). Two (17%) reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 55% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 50% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 25% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 67% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 33% are covered by employer’s plan. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $71.

º Suburban/rural: 16 respondents (two indicated they practice in “rural” settings). 13 (93%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 11 (69%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $60,820. 69% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $37 ($46 was the highest). 6% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 50% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 69% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 25% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 69% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 19% are covered by employer’s plan; and 12% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $73.

Arkansas

10 respondents. Seven (70%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Six (60%) work full time. All four of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $56,670. Three average hourly rates were reported: $18, $25, $32. Three daily rates were reported: $230, $235, $290. Two (20%) reported at least part of income is based on commissions. Five (50%) indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and five (50%) do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. One (10%) does not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 80% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 20% are covered by employer’s plan. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $52.

California

º Urban: 35 respondents. 26 (74%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 17 (49%) work full time. All part-time hygienists reported that work schedule was by choice; no one reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $75,900. 85% reported earning a daily rate; the average was $361 ($435 was the highest). The average hourly rate is $48 ($80 was the highest). 17% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 54% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 55% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 29% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 72% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 17% are covered by employer’s plan; and 11% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $83.

º Suburban/rural: 70 respondents (four indicated they practice in “rural” settings). 50 (71%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 34 (49%) work full time. Almost all of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice; only one reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $68,075. 65% reported earning a daily rate; the average was $355 ($550 was the highest). The average hourly rate is $48.76 ($51 was the highest). 22% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 57% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 52% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 45% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 66% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 20% are covered by employer’s plan; and 14% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $80.

Colorado

º Urban: 14 respondents. 11 (79%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Eight (57%) work full time. All part-time hygienists reported that work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $62,500. 79% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $36 ($45 was the highest). No one (0%) reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 50% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 50% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 29% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 57% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 29% are covered by employer’s plan; 14% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $75.

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º Suburban/rural: 27 respondents (five indicated they practice in “rural” settings). 17 (63%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 18 (67%) work full time. Almost all of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice; only one reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $54,250. 82% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $34 ($41 was the highest). 11% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 63% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 37% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 26% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 59% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 26% are covered by employer’s plan; and 15% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $70.

Connecticut

35 respondents (24 indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). 26 (74%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 18 (51%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $58,470. 91% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $32 ($50 was the highest). 14% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 57% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 60% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 23% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 49% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 37% are covered by employer’s plan; and 14% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $65.

Delaware

Seven respondents (all practicing in “suburban” settings). Five work full time. One part-time hygienist reported difficulty in finding full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $48,700. The average hourly rate was $28. Six indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and all seven think they receive raises at fair intervals. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $77.

Florida

º Urban: 19 respondents. 11 (59%) have practiced for 10 years or fewer. 10 (53%) work full time. Two (22%) part-time hygienists reported difficulty in finding full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $42,060. 68% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $26 ($31 was the highest). 11% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 56% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 56% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 26% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 47% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 32% are covered by employer’s plan; 21% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $71.

º Suburban/rural: 42 respondents (four indicated they practice in “rural” settings). 31 (74%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 26 (62%) work full time. Three (19%) part-time hygienists reported difficulty in finding full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $52,220. 43% reported earning an hourly daily rate; the average was $30 ($32 was the highest). 38% reported earning a daily rate; the average was $237 ($425 was the highest). 19% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 50% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 52% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 24% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 45% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 45% are covered by employer’s plan; and 10% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $65.

Georgia

31 respondents (15 indicated they practice in “suburban” settings; nine said “urban”). 15 (48%) have practiced for 10 years or fewer. 23 (74%) work full time. One (13%) part-time hygienist reported difficulty in finding full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $50,110. 55% reported earning an hourly daily rate; the average was $30 ($39 was the highest). 36% reported earning a daily rate; the average was $201 ($300 was the highest). 7% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 61% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 45% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 13% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 52% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 32% are covered by employer’s plan; and 16% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $62.

Idaho

Eight respondents (five indicated they practice in “rural” settings). Six work full time. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $53,350. The average hourly daily rate was $31. Four indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and six think they do not receive raises at fair intervals. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $61.

Illinois

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º Urban/Suburban: 44 respondents (nine indicated they practice in “urban” settings). 25 (57%) have practiced for 11 years or more. 28 (64%) work full time. Three (19%) part-time hygienists reported difficulty in finding full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $54,360. 82% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $32 ($54 was the highest). 14% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 66% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 39% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 7% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 70% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 23% are covered by employer’s plan; 7% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $68.

º Rural: 10 respondents. Seven (70%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Six (60%) work full time. All four part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $47,470. 80% reported earning an hourly daily rate; the average was $29. 50% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 30% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 10% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 70% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 20% are covered by employer’s plan; and 10% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $56.

Indiana

º Urban: 10 respondents. Eight (80%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Seven (70%) work full time. The three part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $51,290. 70% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $29 ($32 was the highest). 22% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 80% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 40% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 40% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 60% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan, and 30% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $56.

º Suburban/rural: 17 respondents (10 indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). Nine (53%) have practiced for 10 years or fewer. 11 (65%) work full time. The six part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $48,050. 82% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $29 ($38 was the highest). 6% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 65% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 29% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 12% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 52% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 24% are covered by employer’s plan; and 24% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $57.

Iowa

14 respondents (eight indicated they practice in “urban” settings). Nine (64%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Eight (57%) work full time. All six of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $41,210. 93% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $28 ($34 was the highest). 14% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 79% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 21% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 14% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 58% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 21% are covered by employer’s plan; and 21% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $54.

Kansas

11 respondents (eight indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). Six (55%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Nine (82%) work full time. Both of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $52,440. 73% reported earning an hourly daily rate; the average was $31 ($35 was the highest). 46% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 46% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 9% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 36% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 55% are covered by employer’s plan; and 9% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $59.

Kentucky

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16 respondents (six indicated they practice in “urban” settings). 12 (75%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Nine (56%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $41,450. 69% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $25 ($29 was the highest). 6% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 44% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 56% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 19% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 63% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 25% are covered by employer’s plan; and 12% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $56.

Louisiana

Nine respondents (four indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). Five (56%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Four (44%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $48,500. 67% reported earning a daily rate; the average was $255. 67% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 44% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 22% do not receive paid vacation.

Maine

13 respondents. 10 (77%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 10 (77%) work full time. The three part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $45,220. 92% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $26 ($29 was the highest). 15% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 85% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 23% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 8% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 39% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 54% are covered by employer’s plan; and 8% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $66.

Maryland

23 respondents (14 indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). 20 (87%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 15 (65%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $55,260. 61% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $30 ($39 was the highest). 13% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 83% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 41% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 26% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 52% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 39% are covered by employer’s plan; and 9% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $70.

Massachusetts

º Urban: 12 respondents. Nine (75%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Eight (67%) work full time. The four part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $54,010. The average hourly rate was $31 ($40 was the highest). 67% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 50% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. In regard to health insurance, 42% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 50% are covered by employer’s plan; and 8% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $76.

º Suburban/rural: 26 respondents (23 indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). 20 (77%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 17 (65%) work full time. 4% of the part-time hygienists reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $59,260. 89% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $32 ($38 was the highest). 4% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 73% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 35% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. In regard to health insurance, 69% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan, 19% are covered by employer’s plan. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $78.

Michigan

º Urban: 18 respondents. 14 (78%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Seven (41%) work full time. Two (7%) of the part-time hygienists reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $53,330. 94% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $27 ($40 was the highest). 17% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 50% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 53% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 28% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 67% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 28% are covered by employer’s plan; and 5% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $61.

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º Suburban: 51 respondents. 23 (45%) have practiced for 10 years or fewer. 21 (41%) work full time. 20% of the part-time hygienists reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $49,710. 92% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $27.60 ($40 was the highest). The average daily rate was $253. 16% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 75% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 37% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 20% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 72% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 16% are covered by employer’s plan; and 12% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $63.

º Rural: 14 respondents. Nine (64%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Six (43%) work full time. Two of the part-time hygienists (13%) reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $37,065. 79% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $24.27 ($27 was the highest). The average daily rate was $199. The 14 respondents all said income was not based on commissions. 64% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and the same percentage believes they receive raises at fair intervals. 21% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 65% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 14% are covered by employer’s plan; and 21% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $57.

Minnesota

26 respondents (14 indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). 14 (54%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 19 (73%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $55,990. 85% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $30 ($35 was the highest). 8% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 81% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 28% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 8% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 54% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 38% are covered by employer’s plan; and 8% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $68.

Mississippi

Seven respondents (four practice in “suburban” settings). Five work full time. The part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $37,680. The average daily rate was $186. Five indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and three think they receive raises at fair intervals. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $59.

Missouri

29 respondents (20 indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). 16 (55%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 20 (69%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $52,720. 86% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $28 ($35 was the highest). 11% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 62% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 52% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 17% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 55% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 38% are covered by employer’s plan; and 7% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $60.

Montana

Four respondents. Three work full time. The average hourly rate reported was $27.

Nebraska

29 respondents (14 indicated they practice in “urban” settings). 17 (65%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 13 (45%) work full time. One (8%) of the part-time hygienists reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $49,500. 73% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $28 ($34 was the highest). 12% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 65% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 23% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 19% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 76% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 12% are covered by employer’s plan; and 12% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $55.

Nevada

Nine respondents. Five have been practicing for 10 years or fewer. Four work full time. The average annual income in 2004 for the full-time dental hygienists was $70,380. The average daily rate was $372. The average hourly rate was $36. Only one indicated that he or she had received a raise within the last year, and eight think they do not receive raises at fair intervals. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $68.

New Hampshire

Eight respondents. Seven have been practicing for 11 years or more. Six work full time. The average annual income in 2004 for the full-time dental hygienists was $50,500. The average hourly rate was $32 ($40 was the highest). Six indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and two thought they do not receive raises at fair intervals. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $71.

New Jersey

41 respondents (31 indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). 27 (68%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 22 (54%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $60,790. 93% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $34 ($42 was the highest). 17% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 78% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 34% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 27% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 71% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 24% are covered by employer’s plan; and 5% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $82.

New Mexico

11 respondents. Nine (82%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Two work full time. The nine part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. Five reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $35. Four reported earning a daily rate; the average was $290. 18% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 36% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 55% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 46% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 65% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 35% are covered by employer’s plan. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $69.

New York

º Urban: 12 respondents. Nine (75%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Seven (58%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $54,870. Half reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $29 ($40 was the highest). The average daily rate for the other half was $285 ($325 was the highest). 33% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 58% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 67% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 8% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 50% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 42% are covered by employer’s plan; and 8% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $99.

º Suburban: 32 respondents. 26 (81%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 17 (53%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $52,810. 94% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $27 ($40 was the highest). 3% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 66% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 41% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 16% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 53% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 28% are covered by employer’s plan; and 19% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $72.

º Rural: 10 respondents. Seven have practiced for more than 11 years. Eight work full time. The two part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $45,230. The average hourly rate was $23 ($29 was the highest). 20% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. Six indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and five do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. One does not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, four are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; three are covered by employer’s plan; and two are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $56.

North Carolina

º Urban: 11 respondents. Six (55%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Eight (73%) work full time. One (33%) of the part-time hygienists reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $51,260. 73% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $29 ($31 was the highest). 9% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 46% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 46% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 9% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 46% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan, and 19% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $69.

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º Suburban/rural: 23 respondents (seven indicated they practice in “rural” settings). 16 (70%) have practiced for 11 years or more. 16 (70%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $49,620. 70% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $30 ($40 was the highest). 4% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 62% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 33% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 30% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 44% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 30% are covered by employer’s plan; and 26% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $69.

North Dakota

Six respondents. Five work full time. The one part-time hygienist reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $41,700. The average hourly rate was $28 ($35 was the highest). The average fee for #1110 procedure is $55.

Ohio

º Urban: 17 respondents. 15 (88%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Eight (47%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $46,000. 77% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $27 ($30 was the highest). 12% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 65% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 53% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 24% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 64% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 24% are covered by employer’s plan; and 12% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $57.

º Suburban/rural: 35 respondents (31 indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). 24 (69%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 23 (66%) work full time. One of the part-time hygienists reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $42,270. 77% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $28 ($32 was the highest). 14% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 77% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 34% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 37% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 74% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 12% are covered by employer’s plan; and 14% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $56.

Oklahoma

15 respondents. Nine (60%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Nine (60%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $52,930. 73% reported earning a daily rate; the average was $256 ($310 was the highest). 13% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 13% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 60% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 53% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 40% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 20% are covered by employer’s plan; and 40% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $55.

Oregon

21 respondents (12 indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). 14 (67%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Nine (43%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $55,400. 95% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $34 ($51 was the highest). 10% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 57% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 43% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 33% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 52% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 38% are covered by employer’s plan; and 10% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $74.

Pennsylvania

º Urban/suburban: 59 respondents (52 indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). 36 (61%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 30 (51%) work full time. One of the part-time hygienists reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $50,440. 88% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $27 ($60 was the highest). 12% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 64% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 46% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 29% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 49% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 34% are covered by employer’s plan; and 17% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $68.

º Rural: 11 respondents. Nine have practiced for more than 11 years. Eight work full time. The three part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $37,690. Nine reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $21 ($26 was the highest). 73% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 64% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 9% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 27% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 46% are covered by employer’s plan; and 27% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $49.

Rhode Island

Seven respondents. Six have practiced for more than 11 years. Five work full time. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $44,200. The average hourly rate was $29. Five indicated they had received a raise within the last year.

South Carolina

º Urban: 10 respondents. Half have practiced for more than 11 years. Half work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $44,200. Five reported earning a daily rate; the average was $200. Five reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $24. 20% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. Half indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 60% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 10% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 60% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 10% are covered by employer’s plan; and 30% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $55.

º Suburban/rural: 10 respondents (Six indicated they practice in “rural” settings). Six have practiced for more than 11 years. Half work full time. One of the part-time hygienists reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $41,100. Six reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $25. 60% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 60% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 30% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 60% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 30% are covered by employer’s plan; and 10% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $58.

South Dakota

Six respondents. Five work full time. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $40,000. The average hourly rate was $27. Four indicated they had received a raise within the last year; three do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $52.

Tennessee

º Urban/Suburban: 14 respondents (10 indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). Eight (57%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 12 (86%) work full time. Both of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $49,590. 57% reported earning a daily rate; the average was $219. The average hourly rate was $30. 14% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 36% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 64% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 29% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 64% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 14% are covered by employer’s plan; and 22% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $53.

º Rural: 11 respondents. Six (55%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Six (55%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $54,330. 73% reported earning a daily rate; the average was $253 ($280 was the highest). 27% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 55% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 18% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 36% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 73% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 18% are covered by employer’s plan; and 9% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $52.

Texas

º Urban: 24 respondents. 13 (54%) have practiced for 10 years or fewer. 20 (83%) work full time. One of the part-time hygienists reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $53,490. 54% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $30 ($36 was the highest). The average daily rate was $251 ($320 was the highest). 4% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 63% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 67% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 4% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 33% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 46% are covered by employer’s plan; and 21% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $67.

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º Suburban/rural: 49 respondents (41 indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). 34 (69%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 24 (49%) work full time. One of the part-time hygienists reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $54,620. 35% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $33 ($50 was the highest). 53% reported earning a daily rate; the average was $269 ($500 was the highest). 14% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 53% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 55% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 27% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 70% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 14% are covered by employer’s plan; and 16% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $65.

Utah

10 respondents. Seven have practiced for 10 years or fewer. Three work full time. Three of the part-time hygienists reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $61,670. The average hourly rate was $32. Six reported at least part of income is based on commissions. Two indicated they had received a raise within the last year; eight do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. Eight do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, five are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; three are covered by employer’s plan; and two are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $52.

º Urban: 11 respondents. Seven have practiced for 10 years or fewer. Ten work full time. The part-time hygienist reported that his or her work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $55,700. 91% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $32 ($47 was the highest). 36% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 36% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 9% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 73% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 18% are covered by employer’s plan; and 9% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $63.

º Suburban/rural: 30 respondents (23 indicated they practice in “suburban” settings). 21 (70%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 13 (43%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $59,120. 80% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $33 ($43 was the highest). 7% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 67% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 23% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 13% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 57% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 30% are covered by employer’s plan; and 13% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $65.

Vermont

Nine respondents. Eight have practiced for more than 11 years. Five work full time. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $44,200. The average hourly rate was $26. Six indicated they had received a raise within the last year; two do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. In regard to health insurance, seven are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; two are covered by employer’s plan. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $63.

Washington

23 respondents (18 indicated they practice in “urban” or “suburban” settings). 16 (70%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 14 (61%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $58,420. 87% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $39 ($52 was the highest). 9% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 52% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 48% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 13% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 48% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 48% are covered by employer’s plan; and 4% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $87.

Wisconsin

º Urban: 25 respondents. 13 (52%) have practiced for 10 years or fewer. 12 (48%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $47,880. 100% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $26 ($29 was the highest). 4% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 84% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 28% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 12% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 79% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 17% are covered by employer’s plan; and 4% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $60.

º Suburban: 18 respondents. 13 (72%) have practiced for more than 11 years. Seven (39%) work full time. One of the part-time hygienists reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $47,415. 100% reported earning an hourly rate; the average was $26 ($33 was the highest). 67% indicated they had received a raise within the last year; 39% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 22% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 50% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 33% are covered by employer’s plan; and 17% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $60.

º Rural: 19 respondents. 13 (68%) have practiced for more than 11 years. 12 (63%) work full time. All of the part-time hygienists reported that their work schedule was by choice. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $45,235. The average hourly rate was $26 ($30 was the highest). 5% reported at least part of income is based on commissions. 79% indicated they had received a raise within the last year, and 26% do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. 5% do not receive paid vacation. In regard to health insurance, 74% are self-insured or rely on spouse’s plan; 16% are covered by employer’s plan; and 10% are uninsured. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $57.

West Virginia

Seven respondents. Five have practiced for more than 11 years. Four work full time. The average annual income in 2004 for full-time dental hygienists was $34,500. The average hourly rate was $24. Two reported at least part of income is based on commissions. Four indicated they had received a raise within the last year; four do not think they receive raises at fair intervals. Three do not receive paid vacation. The average fee for #1110 procedure is $45.

Wyoming

Five respondents. Four have practiced for more than 11 years. Two work full time. One of the part-time hygienists reported being unable to find full-time employment. The average hourly rate was $23. Four do not think they receive raises at fair intervals, and three do not receive paid vacation.The average fee for #1110 procedure is $59.

1Readers from Alaska, District of Columbia and Hawaii contributed just two responses each, and an analysis of those six responses is not included. The state reports on subsequent pages often are based on whether a reader indicated an "urban," "suburban," or "rural" practice setting. In a few cases, the reader neglected to answer this specific question. If an analysis for a state contained a breakdown based on practice setting, these responses were discarded. If no breakdown based on practice setting was provided, these responses were included.

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